Beijing: Geography

The Forbidden City

Beijing Geography

Beijing is located at the northern tip of the North China Plain, near the meeting point of the Xishan and Yanshan mountain ranges. The city itself lies on flat land (elevation 20-60m, 65-197 ft.) that opens to the east and south.

Beijing Municipality consists of eight city districts, eight suburban districts and two rural counties. It covers a total area of 16,807.8sq km. The terrain is roughly 38% flat and 62% mountainous. The city is 150 km inland from the Bohai Sea via Tianjin Municipality in the southeast. Aside from Tianjin, Beijing is bordered on all other sides by Hebei Province, including a piece wedged between Beijing and Tianjin.