Brazil: Main Facts

The world's largest country in the tropics

Brazil Main Facts

Geographical Location of Brazil

The country of Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of 8,514,215 sq km which includes 8,456,510 sq km of land and some 55,455 sq km of water. The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina at 2,994 m. Brazil is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. By comparison, Brazil is slightly smaller in land mass than the United States.

Land/Sea Boundaries of Brazil

The country of Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil is also bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Languages of Brazil

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, spoken by the entire population (except a few very remotely located Indian tribes, and some recent immigrants). Brazilian Portuguese has a number of pronunciation differences with the language spoken in Portugal, but speakers of either can understand each other. However, European Portuguese (Luso) is more difficult for Brazilians to understand than the reverse, as many Brazilian television programs are shown in Portugal. English is not widely spoken except in some tourist areas. One can always find a way to get around, especially among students and in financial zones. Don't expect bus or taxi drivers to understand English, but in most big and luxurious hotels, it is very likely that the taxi fleet will speak some English.

Currency of Brazil

Brazil's unit of currency is the Real. One real is divided into 100 centavos.