Canberra: Main Facts

Australia's Bustling Capital

Canberra Main Facts

Geographical Location of Canberra

The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory and covers an area of 805.6 sq km surrounding Lake Burnley Griffin near the Brindabella Ranges, approximately 150 km inland from Australia's east coast. The city is lies some 280 km south-west of Sydney, and roughly 650 km north-east of Melbourne.

Land/Sea Boundaries of Canberra

Canberra is a land-locked city, its urban environs straddling the Ginninderra, Molonglo, Limestone and Tuggeranong plains. The Molonglo River that flows across the Molonglo plain has been dammed to form the body of water in the centre of the city called Lake Burley Griffin. Indeed, Canberra’s surroundings are mostly comprised of bushland, although its location is close to the hilly region of the Brindabella Ranges.

Languages of Canberra

The spoken language of Canberra is predominantly English and around 90% of the city speaks English. However, a significant percentage of Canberra’s population were born overseas, and second languages such as Mandarin, Italian, Vietnamese, Cantonese and Greek are also apparent to some degree.

Currency of Canberra

The currency in Canberra is the Australian Dollar. It is the only accepted currency in the city.