Canberra: Useful Information
Australia's Bustling Capital
- Canberra was established in 1911 to create a capital for the newly federated country of Australia.
- Canberra is 150 kilometres inland and 571 metres above the Pacific Ocean, 281 kilometres from Sydney and 660 kilometres from Melbourne.
- There are several helpful Canberra tourism information offices in Canberra city centre and also at the nearby Canberra Airport.
- Automatic Teller Machines (ATM’s) are available at many places in the city and in restaurants and pubs, offering 24-hour banking.
- National government remains Canberra’s main industry, but the private sector employment has expanded and includes production of sophisticated scientific and communications equipment, and computer software.
- Canberra experiences hot, quite dry summers, and cold winters with heavy fog and frequent frosts.
- For medical attention, go to the Canberra Hospital, Yamba Drive, Garran (tel. 02/6244 2222), or call the Accident & Emergency Department (tel. 02/6244 2324).
- Tipping is not the general custom in Australia, with the exception of fine dining restaurants where it is usual to tip food and drink waiters up to 10 per cent of the bill for good service. At any time, however, tipping is your choice.
- Generally, overseas travellers coming to Canberra will need to fly into an interstate airport and then transfer to a Canberra flight as there are very few direct flights to Canberra from overseas.
- Canberra’s time zone is GMT 10.
- Canberra’s area code is 02 if calling from within Australia or 61 2 from overseas.
- Canberra enjoys more hours of sunshine than Sydney or the Gold Coast.
- The standard Australian plug has a flat body, three male parallel blades and a male grounding pin. Many now include an RJ-11 socket.
- Retail opening hours in Canberra is from 9 - 5.30 weekdays, with selected stores staying open later in the city centre on weekends.