Colombia: Geography

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Colombia Geography

Colombia is located in the northwest corner of the South American continent, covering an area of more than 1.1 million square kilometers. It is the only country in South America with both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Colombia also has international borders with five Latin American nations which are Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador. In addition to the mainland, Colombia also possesses a few islands in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The country has a mixed terrain of flat low coastal lowlands, central highlands, the Andes Mountains and eastern lowland plains. Colombia’s coastline extends 3208kms (North Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea).