The Cradle of Western Civilization
Greece is a south eastern European country, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The Aegean Sea lies east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Greece borders Turkey to the East and Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the north. The country covers a surface of 1, 32,000 sq km and a 1500 km long rocky coastline. Three quarters of Greece is covered in mountains with numerous islands throughout the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas. The main cities of Greece are Athens (the capital), Thessaloniki, Piraeus, Patras, Iraklion and Larissa.