Kuala Lumpur: History
Easier to negotiate than Bangkok, less cosmopolitan than Singapore and more eclectic than Hanoi
Kuala Lumpur is located within the state of Selangor and was previously ruled by Selangor State Government. The history of Kuala Lumpur began in the 19th century with the rise of the tin mining industry. In 1850s, a member of the Selangor royal family opened up the Klang valley for tin mining.
Soon after, merchants and tin prospectors flocked to the confluence of the valley and established a trading post. Around the 1870s, the Chinese Kapitan of Kuala Lumpur, Yap Ah Loy, appointed by the British, became responsible for the survival and subsequent systematic growth of Kuala Lumpur. He developed Kuala Lumpur from a small unknown place into a booming mining town
In 1880, the state capital of Selangor was moved from Klang to the more strategically advantageous Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur grew amidst the atrocities of World War II, the rubber and tin commodity crash and the Malayan Emergency. After the Federation of Malaya independence from British rule in 1957, Kuala Lumpur remained as the capital of the newly formed Malaysia. It was conferred city status on 1 February 1972.
Today, Kuala Lumpur is the fastest growing metropolitan region and is also the cultural and economic centre of Malaysia.