Morocco: Geography

North Africa's Arabian Arcadia

Morocco Geography

Morocco can be divided into 3 principal terrains: high mountains, coastal plains/lowlands, and vast stretches of the Sahara. On the Atlantic coast, the plain is fertile and its Mediterranean coast is mountainous. The Atlas Mountains, running in a north-easterly direction from the south to the Algerian frontier, average 11,000 ft (3,353 m) in height. Morocco's land area is 172,317 square miles (446,301 sq kilometres). Morocco has 1,147 miles (1,835 kilometres) of coastline. Its land borders total some 1,251 miles (2,002 kilometres) and consist of: Algeria 975 miles (1,559 kilometres), Mauritania 976 miles (1,561 kilometres) and Spain (Ceuta 4 miles/6.3 kilometres, Melilla 6 miles/9.6 kilometres and Penon de Velez de la Gomera 90 yards/85 metres).