Morocco: Main Facts

North Africa's Arabian Arcadia

Morocco Main Facts

Geographical Location of Morocco

Morocco lies across the Strait of Gibraltar on the Mediterranean and looks out on the Atlantic from the north-west shoulder of Africa. It borders Algeria to the east and Mauritania to the south. At its shortest distance by sea, Morocco lies some 8.1 miles (13 kilometres) form the coast of mainland Spain.

Languages of Morocco

Moroccan Arabic is the official language of Morocco, but Hassaniyya Arabic (also known as Moorish) is spoken by more than 40,000 people in Southern Morocco. Judeo-Moroccan Arabic is spoken by approximately 9,000 people. There are also numerous Berber dialects, spoken by the tribes people in the Atlas and Rif Mountains. Many Moroccans speak European languages, which are principally Spanish (over 20,000 people) and especially French, with at least half of the population is capable of speaking the latter.

Currency of Morocco

The currency of Morocco is the Dirham, which is issued by the Bank Al-Maghrib (Morocco's central bank). The Moroccan Dirham (MAD) is made up 100 centimes and Dirham notes come in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10. Coins are in denominations of MAD10, 5 and 1, and 50, 20, 10 and 5 centimes.