Peru: Geography

Mountainous terrain, vast coastal deserts and steamy, tropical rainforests

Peru Geography

Peru consists of high mountains and mountain plateaus, tropical rainforest and desert. There are two mountain ranges that divide the country in to three regions. The desert is located in the south of the country, on the Pacific coast, merging into the Atacama desert, which is the driest place on earth. In the north, the Pacific coast is mainly mangrove swamps.

The Andean mountain range, the world's second-highest, runs north-south through the country and is where half of the Peruvian population live. The southern Peruvian Andes contain active volcanoes. The eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes are covered with cloudforest, which merges into the tropical rainforest of the Amazon basin at lower elevations. Half of the country's landmass is tropical rainforest. Peru is bordered by Chile in the south, Bolivia in the south-east, Brazil in the east, Colombia in the north-east and Ecuador in the north. It has an area of 803,259 square miles(1,285,215 sq km), with 1,500 miles (2,414 km) of coastline on its Pacific coast.