Switzerland: Geography

A summer and winter sports paradise

Switzerland Geography

Switzerland is a small country in the heart of western Europe. Much of Switzerland is in the alpine region, with high mountains and narrow valleys. Switzerland’s tallest peak is the Dufourspitze at 15,203 ft (4,63 m) on the Swiss side of the Italian border, one of 10 summits of the Monte Rosa massif. The ‘Mittelland’ comprises hills and relatively flat valleys carved out by glaciers, and this is where most of Switzerland’s cities and towns are located. Switzerland’s largest lakes – Geneva, Constance (Bodensee), and Maggiore – straddle the French, German-Austrian, and Italian borders, respectively. The Rhine, navigable from Basel to the North Sea, is the principal inland waterway.