The Cultural Hub of Australia's East Coast
Sydney, is Australia’s oldest and largest city and stands as the capital of New South Wales. It is situated in Port Jackson, an almost entirely land-locked inlet recognised as one of the finest natural harbours in the world. Geographically, Sydney lies over two regions: the Cumberland Plain, a fairly flat region to the south and west of the harbour, and the Hornsby Plateau, lying mainly to the north of the harbour and dissected by steep valleys. The geography of the city itself consists mainly of a centralised business district, and occupies roughly 12 square miles on Port Jackson's south shore. Residential and industrial suburbs surround the rest of the inlet, covering about 670 square miles.