Sydney: Main Facts

The Cultural Hub of Australia's East Coast

Sydney Main Facts

Geographical Location of Sydney

Sydney is situated on Australia's south-east coast and is the largest city in New South Wales. The city is built around Port Jackson, which includes Sydney Harbour, which is a few hours east of Canberra. Melbourne lies some 400 miles to the south while Brisbane is 450 miles to the north, clusters of small towns connecting along the coastline between them.

Land/Sea Boundaries of Sydney

Sydney is located in a coastal basin bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Blue Mountains to the west, the Hawkesbury River to the north and the Woronora Plateau to the south.

Languages of Sydney

The spoken language is predominantly English and around 90% of Australians speak English. However, Sydney is a multicultural city, so many other languages are also present to some degree; such as Chinese, Greek, Lebanese, Turkish and Vietnamese. More than 20 languages are in widespread daily use, but Sydney's other major languages alongside English are Chinese (spoken 5.1 per cent of the population) and Arabic (3.8 per cent).

Currency of Sydney

The currency in Sydney is the Australian Dollar. It is the only accepted currency in the city.