Turkey: Geography

Bridging the East and West

Turkey Geography

Turkey is one of the largest countries in Europe and the Middle East, covering a total area of 783,562sqkm, and located where the continent of Europe meets Asia. The European part of the country is called Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria on the North West, Armenia and Georgia on the North East, Iran and Iraq on the South East and Syria on the South. Three sides of Turkey are surrounded by Seas, the Aegean Sea to the West, and the Mediterranean Sea to the South and the Black Sea to the North, with a coastline of 8000kms. The highest mountain of Turkey is in the East of the country, Mount Ararat. Other popular mountains of Turkey include Mount Erciyes, Mount Hasan, Bursa Uludag, and the mountain chain of the ‘Tauruses’.