Turkey: History

Bridging the East and West

Turkey History

Turkey was first inhabited as early as 7500B.C. The land was ruled for centuries by many diverse empires like the Hittites, the Persians, the Greeks and the Byzantine Empire. The Ottoman Empire succeeded the Byzantine Empire in 1453, and went on to rule Turkey till the War of Independence in the early 1920’s. The victory of Mustafa Kemal led to the abolition of the Sultanate and the reinvention of Turkey into the Republic of Turkey. His victory led him to turning Turkey into a more secular country with a number of reforms put in place. Still considered the hero of Turkey, or ‘Father Turk’, Mustafa Kemal paved the way for a new country with new laws in place, all for the advancement of the country and betterment of their society. A civil war raged in the country for a decade and a half, between the 1980’s and 1990’s. The war, between Turkish forces and the Kurds, went on for sometime, killing over 30,000 people, till the Kurdish community was ceded with more rights. However, clashes continue till this day in certain south-east parts of the country.