Tuscany: History

Sun, dolce vita and picturesque towns...

Tuscany History

Tuscany was known as a centre for art and learning during the late Middle Ages and throughout the Renaissance. The Tuscan spoken language became the literary language of Italy after Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, and Boccaccio used it and the Tuscan dialect was at the root of the Italian language. Florence, Pisa, Siena, and Arezzo where home to renowned schools of architecture, sculpture, and painting developed from the 11th century in many cities. Intellectual and artistic life was almost totally concentrated in Florence and Universities exist mainly in Florence, Pisa, and Siena after the 16th century. Tuscan people had many skills including excellent road building ability, being great sea-farers and producers of intricate art works and jewellery. Tuscan people have greatly contributed to Italian culture and farming skills and an eye for beauty and form have created the much loved Tuscan landscapes of today. The great artists and architects have built and decorated the many historic towns and buildings. Italy has more UNESCO World Heritage Sites than any other country in the world, they are the Historic Centre of Florence, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and buildings of the Piazza del Duomo, the Historic Centre of Siena, the Historic Centre of Pienza, the Historic Centre of San Gimignano and the Val d'Orcia.